Department of State's "post reports". 162 There is such international interest in Sub-Saharan agriculture, that the World Bank increased its financing of African agricultural programs.3 billion in the 2011 fiscal year. Rugby is a popular sport in South Africa, Namibia, and Zimbabwe. The Sahara pump theory explains how flora and fauna (including Homo sapiens ) left Africa to penetrate the Middle East and beyond. Arms Flag Name of region 138 and territory, with flag Area (km) Population 139 Year Density (per km) Capital North Africa Algeria 2,381,740 34,178, Algiers Canary Islands (Spain) 140 7,492 2,154, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Santa Cruz de Tenerife Ceuta (Spain),575 Egypt 142 1,001,450. "Bauxite and Alumina" (PDF). World Bank Publication:. 855: "The relatively recent discovery of extensive walled settlements at the transition from the Neolithic to the Early Iron Age in the Chad Basin (Magnavita., 2006) indicates what enormous sites and processes may still await recognition." a b c Shillington, Kevin(2005). Africa Development Indicators 2008/2009: From the World Bank Africa Database African Development Indicators. Time, 5 November 1965 Raimondo Cagiano De Azevedo (1994). 34 Rival kingship factions which split from the Luba Kingdom later moved among the Lunda people, marrying into its elite and laying the foundation of the Lunda Empire in the 16th century. Biotechnology has been advocated to create high yield, pest and environmentally resistant crops in the hands of small farmers. 19 By 3 million years ago several australopithecine hominid species had developed throughout southern, eastern and central Africa. Islamic And Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages. Ogot, Zamani: A Survey of East African History, (East African Publishing House: 1974. Babington Michell, "The Berbers", Journal of the Royal African Society, Vol. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1993 Holm, John.